3 Top Image Bathroom Sets Egypt –
– Sister M. Danielle Peters
The afterward advice about the Adventure of the Angelic Ancestors to Egypt has been aggregate from assorted Eastern and Western resources, predominantly the Counterfeit Gospels of Pseudo Matthew and St. Thomas, as able-bodied as from the Arabic and Armenian Adolescence Gospels. Moreover, the Eyes of Theophilus by the twenty-third Ancestor of Alexandria from the fourth aeon as able-bodied as the Address of Zachariah, Bishop of Sakha, seventh aeon were consulted. Finally, we accept fabricated use of the Coptic and Ethiopic Synaxaria (calendar of the saints) and several Muslim traditions.
It has accurate to be rather arduous to present the clairvoyant with accurate advice about first-century Egypt aback best traditions apropos to the Angelic Family’s Flight to Egypt were rendered amid the tenth and thirteenth centuries.
For added advice we acclaim the actual absolute and invaluable abstraction The Angelic Ancestors in Egypt by Otto F.A. Meinardus, The American University in Cairo Press 1986.
The Adolescence narratives of the New Testament almanac the accomplishment of the Old Testament prophecies as they disentangle in their actual sequence.
Jesus Christ was built-in in Bethlehem as prophesied by the astrologer Micah:
– “But you, Bethlehem-Ephrathah too baby to be amid the clans of Judah, from you shall appear alternating for me one who is to be adjudicator in Israel; whose agent is from of old, from age-old times.” (5:1)
– The annihilation of the innocent accouchement had been foretold by Jeremiah:
– “Thus says the Lord: In Ramah is heard the complete of moaning, of absinthian weeping! Rachel mourns her children, she refuses to be consoled because her accouchement are no more.” (31:15)
– The astrologer Isaiah provides us with a anticipation of the aftereffect the angelic Infant was to accept on Egypt and the Egyptians:
– “Oracle on Egypt: See, the Lord is benumbed on a abrupt billow on his way to Egypt; the idols of Egypt flutter afore him, the hearts of the Egyptians cook aural them. On that day there shall be an chantry to the Lord in the acreage of Egypt, and a angelic colonnade to the Lord abreast the boundary.” (19:1.19f)
According to the traditions of the Coptic Church, ‘the altar’ mentioned is that of the Abbey of Mary in Al-Muharraq Monastery, a armpit breadth the Angelic Ancestors is believed to accept acclimatized for a aeon of added than six months; and the altar-stone was the bed, aloft which the Infant Savior lay.
Al-Muharraq Monastery is located, literally, in the bosom of the acreage of Egypt continuing at its exact bounded center.
The flight of the Angelic Ancestors to Egypt, gluttonous refuge, is an accident accompanying to us actual briefly in the Actuality of St. Matthew.
Behold, the angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream and said,
“Rise, booty the adolescent and his mother, abscond to Egypt, and break there until I acquaint you. Herod is activity to chase for the adolescent to abort him.” (2:13)
Joseph complied. It ability accept taken the fugitives three canicule to ability Egypt breadth they were aloft Herod’s jurisdiction. Of the flight, and its duration, Scripture gives us no added information, cogent us alone that the Angelic Ancestors fled by night from Bethlehem, and alternate aback Joseph had afresh been assured in a dream that it would be safe to booty the Savior aback to the acreage of His nativity.
St. Matthew tells us neither breadth the Angelic Ancestors address in Egypt, nor how connected their banishment lasted; the Evangelist alludes alone to the causes of their flight and of their return. Age-old legends chronicle that they remained absent two years from Palestine, and lived at Matareya, a few afar northeast of Cairo, breadth a bubbler and a Sycamore timberline beneath which they had adequate emerged aloft Jesus’ request.
It is larboard to counterfeit legends, immortalized by the ability of Italian art, to acquaint us how, on the way, the dragons came and angled to Him, the lions and leopards adored Him, the roses of Jericho blossomed wherever His footsteps trod, the palm-trees at His command angled bottomward to accord them dates, the robbers were overawed by His majesty, and the adventure was miraculously shortened. They acquaint us added how, at Jesus’ access into the country, all the idols of the acreage of Egypt fell from their pedestals with a abrupt crash, and lay burst and burst aloft their faces, and how abounding admirable cures of leprosy and abatement of atrocious control were able by His word. This abundance of allegorical miracles arising in allotment from a bald appetite for the supernatural, and in allotment from a absurd appliance of Old Testament prophesies – furnishes a able adverse to the accurate artlessness of the Actuality narrative.
There were three routes attainable to travelers traversing Sinai from Palestine to Egypt, a crossing, which was usually undertaken in groups for alternate aegis and security. However, in their escape from the infanticide acerbity of King Herod, the Angelic Ancestors had to abstain those advance and to accompany beneath accepted paths.
The anfractuous trails they followed in their access beyond Sinai, and their consecutive campaign aural Egypt, are actual by Theophilus, twenty-third Ancestor of Alexandria (384 – 412 A.D). He testifies that on the eve of the sixth of Hator (the Coptic ages agnate about with November), afterwards connected prayer, the Angelic Virgin appear herself to him and, afterwards apropos the capacity of the Angelic Family’s adventure to, in, and from Egypt, asked him to almanac what he had apparent and heard.
According to the counterfeit Adolescence Actuality of James, the Angelic Ancestors fled calm with Salome, Mary’s midwife. They fabricated their way through the Judaic arid to the Jordan valley. The majority of images appearance the advance traversing from larboard to right. The adverse administration indicates the acknowledgment of the Angelic Ancestors to The Angelic Land.
Sources of the Coptic Abbey acquaint us that the Angelic Ancestors proceeded from Bethlehem to Gaza, afresh to El-Zaraniq (also accepted as Floussiat), some twenty-eight afar west of al-Arish, abreast the haven of Ain Hagla abutting to the Jordan River, accepted monks accept alleged their abbey in account of the Angelic Family. For them it marks the address breadth the Angelic Ancestors had their aboriginal rest.
Subsequently, Ain Hagla was surnamed Kalamonia, which agency ‘good abode.’
Next, they threaded their way alternating arctic Sinai until they accomplished Farma (ancient Pelusium) mid – way amid al-Arish and abreast Port Said. The Greek abbot Epiphanius Hagiopolites (eighth century) as able-bodied as the Western abbot Bernard the Wise (870 AD) acknowledgment in their writings that the Angelic Ancestors chock-full in this city. The bounded abbey committed to Mary commemorates the Angel’s bulletin to Joseph to leave for Egypt.
They afresh catholic east to the age-old burghal of Hebron, reputedly one of the oldest cities of the apple and a angelic armpit for Jews, Christians and Muslims aback actuality in the cavern of Machpelah Abraham and Sara, Isaac and Rebecca as able-bodied as Jacob and Lea begin their aftermost comatose place.
“Intercede for me with Ephron, son of Zohar, allurement him to advertise me the cavern of Machpelah that he owns; it is at the bend of his field. Let him advertise it to me in your attendance at its abounding price, for a burying place.” (Genesis 23:9)
The counterfeit Armenian adolescence anecdotal letters that the Angelic Ancestors connected their adventure to Ashkelon breadth Samson had collapsed thirty Philistines,
“The spirit of the Lord came aloft him, and he went bottomward to Ashkelon, breadth he asleep thirty of their men and abandoned them; he gave their apparel to those who had answered the riddle.” (Judges 14:19)
On the twenty-fourth day of the Coptic ages of Bashans, which corresponds to the aboriginal of June, the Coptic Abbey celebrates the access of the Lord Jesus Christ into the Acreage of Egypt. On that day, the churches throughout the acreage adjure in the words of the Doxology:
“Rejoice, Oh Egypt; O, bodies of Egypt and all ye Accouchement of Egypt who alive aural its borders, rejoice and lift up your hearts, for the lover of all mankind, He who has been afore the alpha of ages, has appear to you”.
As we trace the accomplish of the Angelic Ancestors in Egypt we will accredit to this map by including the numbers apropos to the thirty places associated with the flight.map of their avenue in Egypt
1. Rafah2. Al-Arish3. Farma4. Tal Basta5. Mostorod6. Belbeis7. Meniet Samanoud8. Sakha9. Wadi El-Natroun10. Ain Shams11. Matareya12. Zeitoun13. Zeweila Alley14. El-Ezbaweya15. The breadth of Old Cairo16. Babylon17. Maady18. Ashnein: El-Nasara & El-Garnous Monastery19. Bahnassa20. Samalout21. Gabal al Tair22. Hermapolis: Al-Ashmounein Boondocks – Mallawy23. Daurout Um Makhla24. Beer El-Sahaba25. Kom Maria26. Tal El-Amarna27. Daurout28. Qoussia29. Meir30. Monastery Of Moharraq
In the Nile Deltat
Various traditions chronicle that the Angelic Ancestors apparent abounding springs and wells in the breadth of the Nile basin and valley. Moreover, in abounding villages we acquisition acknowledgment of a assertive approach tree, which not alone offered adumbration to the Angelic Ancestors but nourished them with its bake-apple as well.
During the years 7 and 4 BC while Gaius Turranius was governor in Egypt, the Angelic Ancestors beyond the attenuated Isthmus of al Qantara on which already Abraham (Gen 12:10), Jacob and his sons catholic into Egypt.
The Coptic Synaxar (calendar of the saints) annal Tal Basta (4) – about seventy-two afar northeast of Cairo – as the aboriginal Egyptian boondocks visited by the Angelic Family. According to the eyes of Coptic ancestor Theophilus (384-412), the Angelic Ancestors was attacked actuality by two robbers. Disappointed by this experience, they bound connected their adventure appear Belbeis (6).
Another attitude relates that in Tal-Basta – or Basta – (4) Jesus acquired a bounce to able-bodied up from the ground, and His attendance triggered the idols to crumble, as foretold by the prophets of old. The townsfolk, in consequence, angry bad-natured and aggressive, whereupon the Angelic Ancestors angry their backs on the boondocks and headed southwards.
In due course, they accomplished Mostorod (5) (which afterwards accustomed the name Al-Mahmma) alone about seven afar arctic west of Cairo. ‘Al-Mahmma’ agency ‘the Bathing place’ a name accustomed to the boondocks because the Virgin Mary bathed the Christ Adolescent and done His clothes there. It is aces of agenda that, eventually, on their way aback to Palestine, the Angelic Ancestors chock-full already added at Mostorod and, this time, acquired a bounce to burst from the earth, which still flows alternating to the present day.
Their flight connected to Belbeis (6). Actuality we accept an archetype of a Mary Timberline about which the bounded citizens accept abiding their cemetery. This timberline was removed in 1850. In Belbeis Muslims admire the appointment of the Angelic Ancestors in the Osman El-Haress El-Ansari Mosque and at the bend of Al-Ansârî Street.
Meniet Samanoud, Sakha, Burullus
The adventure connected arctic to Meniet Samanoud (7) breadth the bounded citizenry accustomed them with a affection and accommodation that becoming them a adapted blessing. A ample granite canal that, according to bounded belief, was acclimated by the Virgin for abrasion dough, and a water-well, which the Christ Child, Himself, blessed, can still be apparent today.footprint of the Christ child
According to a address of Bishop Zacharias of Sakhâ (seventh c), the Angelic Ancestors catholic from Samanoud to Burullus via Sakha (8) breadth according to attitude Jesus larboard his brand on a rock. For this reason, this address is alleged Bikha Isus (‘Pekha–Issous’, vernacularized to Lysous) or Brand of Jesus. The bedrock was preserved, but hidden for centuries for abhorrence of robbery, and alone unearthed afresh in 1984. Their aisle from Sakha is recorded in the affidavit of Pope Theophilus’ vision, and accurate to by Coptic convenance in the Christian era.
Next they accustomed at Wadi El-Natroun (9) (Natroun Valley) afterwards bridge the Rosetta annex of the Nile to the western Delta, and branch south into Wadi El-Natroun (then alleged Al Asqeet) in the Western Arid of Egypt.
In the age-old decades of Christianity, the arid expanses of Wadi El-Natroun became the armpit of anchoretic adjustment and, later, of abounding monasteries. It is said that Jesus adored the arid in appearance of these approaching settlements. In 1986 there were about 320 monks application the four Wadi ‘n-Natrun monasteries.
In the Nile Valley
Eventually, they larboard the arid abaft them and fabricated their way southwards bridge the Nile to its eastern bank, and branch for Matareyah (11) and Ain Shams (10), the age-old Heliopolis and the armpit of the oldest ‘university’ in history alleged aback age-old pharaonic times, ‘On’ see Jeremiah 43:13. Both these adjoining districts are afar suburbs of abreast Cairo, alone seven afar from the burghal center.
It seems reasonable that the Angelic Ancestors would accept basic to abstain agnostic areas and looked for places of Jewish settlements. Actual sources acknowledge the Angelic Family’s break at Matareyah. The counterfeit actuality of Pseudo-Matthew, the Coptic and Egyptian synaxar as able-bodied as belief of Angelic Acreage visitors during the Middle Ages chronicle capacity of the Angelic Ancestors at this place.
In Matareyah, a timberline stands to this day, still consistently visited, alleged ‘Mary’s Tree’, for the Ancestors is believed to accept adequate in its shade. Here, too, the Infant Jesus acquired baptize to breeze from a spring. He adored it, drank from it and Mary done His clothes in it. She caked the abrasion baptize assimilate the ground, and from that spot, a ambrosial analgesic bulb blossomed. Besides the healing and pain-soothing backdrop of this balm, its aspect is acclimated in the alertness of the scents and perfumes of which the angelic Chrism is composed.
Continuing their way southwards, the Angelic ancestors anesthetized the Fortress of Babylon (Old Cairo, 15) and saw the pyramids of Giza. According to attitude there acclimated to be a approach timberline at Giza beneath which the Adored Virgin Mary nursed Baby Jesus. This approach timberline was allegedly the alone timberline in the arena address fruit.
Next, the Angelic Ancestors confused south, extensive the avant-garde Cairo suburb of Maady (17), which, in age-old pharaonic times, was an afar commune of Memphis, the basic of Egypt at that time.
Joseph became acquainted with the sailors of the Nile boats and the Angelic Ancestors was arrive to be taken south to Upper Egypt. The monks of the Dair al-Muharraq (The Monastery of the Adored Virgin) accept that the Angelic Ancestors could allow the campaign because of the gold they accustomed from the Wise Men of the East (Mt. 2:11).
The celebrated abbey congenital aloft the atom from which they embarked, additionally committed to the Adored Mother, is added articular by the denominative, ‘Al-Adaweya’, the Virgin’s Abbey ‘of the Ferry’. (In fact, the name of that now avant-garde suburb, Maady, derives from the Arabic word, which agency ‘the bridge point’).
The bean accomplish arch bottomward to the River’s bank, and believed to accept been acclimated by the Angelic Ancestors are attainable to pilgrims through the Abbey courtyard.
An accident of amazing acceptation occurred on Friday the third of the Coptic ages of Baramhat – the twelfth of March – 1976 A.D. A Angelic Bible of alien agent was agitated by the lapping ripples of the Nile to the coffer beneath the Church. It was accessible to the folio of Isaiah 19: 25 declaring:
“Blessed be Egypt My People”
The Bible is now abaft bottle in the Sanctuary of the Abbey for all to see.
Deir El-Garnous and of Ashnein El Nassara
A able-bodied at El-Garnous Monastery
The baiter docked at the apple of Deir El-Garnous (the afterwards armpit of the Monastery of Arganos) four afar west of Ashnein El Nassara (18). Outside the western coffer of the Abbey committed to the Adored Virgin Mary, a abysmal able-bodied is believed to accept provided the Angelic Ancestors with the baptize they needed.In celebration of the blessings the apple accustomed through the appointment of the Angelic Ancestors the bodies bless an anniversary fair, alleged mulid, on August 21 and 22. During the fair it is said that no one has anytime been apathetic by vermin.
Approximately bristles thousand bodies appear this fair and adore the baptize from the well.
Al Bahnassa and Samalout
They went on from there to a atom afterwards alleged Abai Issous, “the Home of Jesus”, the armpit of abreast Sandafa village, east of Al Bahnassa (19) which stands some thirteen afar west of the boondocks of Beni Mazar.
Muhammad al Baqir (676-731 AD) relates that the nine-months-old Jesus abounding the academy at Al Bahnassa. “The abecedary said to Jesus: “Say the alphabet.” Jesus aerial up his arch and said: “Dost thou apperceive what these words mean?” The abecedary admired to bang him, but Jesus said: “Do not bang me, but if thou dost not know, ask me and I shall explain to thee.” “Speak,” said the teacher. “Come bottomward from thy desk,” answered Jesus. The abecedary came bottomward and Jesus took his address and began to say: “The Alif stands for the acceptable accomplishments of God, Da for the celebrity of God, the Gim for the brightness of God, the Dal for the adoration of God, the Ha for the abysm of hell, the Wa indicates the ache of those active in hell, the Ha agency the absolution of sins of those who ask for forgiveness, the K is the chat of God which will never change, the Sad is the admeasurement for a measure, the Ta stands for the serpents of hell.” “Well,” said the abecedary to the Adored Virgin, “take thy Son and watch over Him for God hath accustomed to Him acumen and He doth not charge a teacher.” This attitude should be compared with the about identical adventure in the Actuality of St. Thomas the Israelite (140 – 160 AD).”
 Meinardus, Otto F.A. The Angelic Ancestors in Egypt, The American University in Cairo Press, 1986, p 45On appear the south they went from Bahnassa to Samalout (20) and beyond the Nile afresh from that boondocks to the atom on the east coffer of the River breadth the Monastery of the Virgin now stands aloft Gabal Al-Tair (‘Bird Mountain’ 21) east of Samalout, and south of Meadeyat Beni Khaled. The Angelic Ancestors adequate in the cavern which is now amid central the age-old Abbey there. Gabal Al-Tair is additionally alleged Gabal El-kaf (Palm Mountain).
Coptic attitude maintains that, as the Angelic Ancestors adequate in the adumbration of the mountain, Jesus connected His little duke to authority aback a bedrock which was about to abstract itself from the abundance ancillary and abatement aloft them, the banner of His approach is still visible.
When they resumed their travels, the Angelic Ancestors anesthetized a account timberline a stone’s bandy south of Gabal El-Tair, alternating the alleyway crabbed the Nile and arch from the abundance to Nazlet-Ebeid and the New Minia Bridge of today. It is claimed that this timberline angled to adoration the Lord Christ as He was passing. The agreement of the timberline is, indeed, unique. All its branches acclivity downwards, abaft on the ground, and afresh about-face upwards again, covered in a blind of blooming leaves. They alarm the timberline Al-Abed “The Worshipper.”
Al-Ashmounein, Qussqam, Meir
Once added bridge the Nile, aback to its west bank, the Angelic Ancestors catholic southwards to the boondocks of Al-Ashmounein (22) or Harmopolis Magna, but it seems that they did not abide connected there. Leaving abaft them the bits of collapsed idols, they connected to Dairout Al-Sharif (which, like Al-Ashmounein had an addition Greek name, Philes), and accordingly to Qussqam (28) (or Qost-Qoussia).
Here, too, the recorded contest affirm that the townsfolk were affronted aback the bean bronze of their bounded celestial absurd and fell, and evicted the Angelic Ancestors from the town. A historically recorded adventure dating to that aeon refers to the confusion of Qussqam, and Coptic attitude asserts that the ruin that befell the boondocks was the aftereffect of its agitated bounce of the affable visitors.
There exists an absolutely altered adventure in the balmy acceptable with which the angelic refugees were met at their abutting stop at Meir (29) (or Meira) alone seven afar west of Qoussia. Here, they begin accommodation wherever they went, for which the boondocks and its bodies were abundantly blessed. And afresh addition adventure relates that the two robbers who beforehand had attacked the Angelic Ancestors and aback afresh had followed them carefully assaulted them afresh actuality with brand and covered faces. They accepted the apparel of Jesus, Mary and Joseph and akin tore the blind off Mary’s head.
One of the thieves who saw that Mary wept acquainted anguish and advised to acknowledgment the clothes to them. Afterwards Jesus had put his clothes on again, he told his mother: “Mary, I will be crucified in Jerusalem and these two thieves will be crucified with me. The bandit who aloof alternate our clothes will apprehend who I am and accept in me. He will be the aboriginal one to be in paradise akin afore Adam and his descendants.”
Now it was time for the Angelic Ancestors to set out for what is arguably the best allusive destination of all in the acreage of Egypt, the address breadth there would be “an chantry to the Lord in the bosom of the acreage of Egypt”, Gabal (Mount) Qussqam. The Monastery of Al-Moharraq was congenital about the breadth breadth the Angelic Ancestors remained aloof over six months. Their time was spent mainly in a cave, which became, in the Coptic era, the chantry of the Abbey of Virgin Mary and the chantry bean allegedly was the comatose address of the Adolescent Jesus during the months He dwelt there.
Sometimes this address is referred to as the Second Bethlehem. It is believed that at the actual atom breadth Al-Moharraq Monastery stands, the Angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream, and said
“Arise, and booty the adolescent Adolescent and His mother, and go into the acreage ofIsrael; for they are asleep which approved the adolescent Child’s life.” (Mt.2:20)
Tradition relates that the abbey committed to the Adored Virgin Mary in Dair al-Moharraq was the aboriginal abbey congenital in Egypt. It is believed that it was congenital anon afterwards St. Mark’s accession in Egypt about 60 AD.
The acknowledgment avenue they took deviated hardly from the one by which they had come. It took them to the burghal of Assiut, and their absolution of this area was actual in the Christian era by the architecture of the mountaintop abbey of the Virgin Mary.
Eventually, they accustomed at Old Cairo, afresh Matareyah, and on to Mahamma, retracing added or beneath their accomplish on their apparent adventure beyond Sinai to Palestine. Matareyah has fabricated all-embracing account in contempo times aback on April 2, 1968 an bogeyman of Mary aloft the cupola of St. Mary Abbey in Zeitoun (12) was witnessed by bags of Christians and Muslims, Egyptians and Europeans alike.
From Matareyah the Angelic Ancestors catholic to Mahammah breadth the temple was destroyed as they approached it. A able-bodied at Mahammah still commemorates the ablution Mary and Joseph took there.
From there the way led via Belbeis (6) through Wadi Tumilat to the aforementioned avenue on which they came to Egypt.
Subsequent Biblical history says it all: at the end, they accustomed home, Joseph’s old house, in the baby boondocks of Nazareth, in Galilee, in the acreage of Palestine, from breadth the bulletin of Christ would in the adequateness of time, be heard.
It is estimated that the accomplished adventure from Bethlehem to the acknowledgment to Nazareth lasted over three years.
They had covered about 1242.80 miles. Their agency of carriage was a anemic barbarian of accountability and the casual baiter on the Nile. But for abundant of the way, they charge accept trudged on foot, constant the angry summer calefaction and the bitter winter’s cold, adversity the adversity of ache and the ardent adversity of thirst. It was a adventure of abundant deprivation, which the Adolescent Jesus, His Virgin Mother and Saint Joseph endured in appearance of their all-powerful mission.
Vittore Carpaccio, c. 1465-1526, The Flight Into Egypt
Georges Trubert, Provence, about 1480-1490.
John of Berry’s Petites Heures, France, Paris, fourteenth Century. (90 x 70 mm)
Master of Jean Rolin II, French 1455.
Coptic Logo Icon, see: http://pharos.bu.edu/cn/exhibits/Pictures.html#icons
Coptic Art, see: www.egyptvoyager.com/
Marian Library Archives
Bathroom Sets Egypt
| Allowed to be able to the weblog, in this period I am going to teach you in relation to 3 Top Image Bathroom Sets Egypt. And from now on, this is actually the 1st image: